- Apply for Visa
- Maintaining Status
- Program Extensions
- Travel Status
- Transferring Schools
Employment (for the purposes of maintaining your status) is receiving compensation of any form in exchange for performing a task or providing a service.
Employment eligibility for F-1 and J-1 status students includes on campus employment and off-campus employment. M-1 status students are not allowed to work during their studies.
In general, on-campus employment is work that you have been hired for by the University of North Dakota. Usually, this is located physically on campus as well. There are some jobs that are located physically on campus, but the employer is not the University of North Dakota. If you are considering one of these jobs, please check with an International Student Advisor first to make sure that this is considered on-campus employment.
Eligibility and Hours
You may work on campus upon beginning classes at UND. Students may work up to 20 hours per week while school is in session and 40 hours per week during vacation periods (winter and summer breaks only).
- You are allowed to work multiple jobs, but the total combined hours must not exceed 20 hours in any week.
- It is your responsibility to arrange your hours with your employer(s) to ensure that you do not work more than 20 hours.
- The 20 hour per week limit is a strict limit that must be followed every week. Your hours cannot be averaged across a pay period.
- Graduate assistantships count toward the 20 hour per week maximum.
- Half-time assistantships count as 20 hours/week of employment. You may not take any other jobs on campus if you have a half-time assistantship.
- Quarter time assistantships count as 10 hours/week of employment. You may work a maximum of 10 additional hours per week if you have a quarter time assistantship.
Employment During Vacation Periods
- During official vacation periods (summer and winter) F-1 and J-1 status students are allowed to work full time.
- Graduate students with assistantships during the vacation periods are not eligible to work more than 20 hours per week any time the graduate assistantship is in effect. This is in accordance with the School of Graduate Studies policy.
- Valid Form I-20
- On campus employment eligibility is part of your status. By showing that you are in valid status, you show that you are eligible for employment.
- Social Security Number
- Valid Form DS-2019
- Employment Authorization Letter from an International Student Advisor
- Letter is job specific and for a specified period of time
- Social Security Number
Finding On-Campus Employment
The best way to find on-campus jobs is through the Student Employment site. F-1 and J-1 students are eligible for "On-Campus Institutional Jobs."
Graduate students interested in graduate assistantships should contact their departments or the School of Graduate Studies for more information.
Severe Economic Hardship Employment
Authorization based on Economic Hardship is intended for students who have experienced financial need that is both unforeseen and beyond the student's control since beginning their studies at UND. It is available for students in F-1 or J-1 status.
Economic Hardship should be considered only after all other potential employment opportunities have been found to be insufficient.
Eligibility and Hours
- There are no restrictions on the type of employment, but students are still restricted to working a maximum of 20 hours per week.
- Authorization is granted for periods of up to one year.
- Authorization is granted by U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (U.S.C.I.S.).
- Applications can take 3-4 months for review. You may not begin working until the application has been approved and your employment authorization document has been received.
- You must schedule an appointment with an International Student Advisor to receive current eligibility and application information.
Curricular Practical Training (F-1)
Curricular Practical Training (CPT) is employment authorization for employment opportunities that are an integral part of your program of study. CPT is authorized for opportunities such as:
- Required internships/training
- Credited internships
- Authorized cooperative education
- You are eligible for CPT to work off campus after you have maintained F-1 student status at UND for one academic year.
- You must have a minimum 2.0 GPA as an undergraduate student or a 3.0 as a graduate student.
- You must receive academic credit in your program of study for the employment.
- CPT can be authorized only for periods during your program of study. It cannot be authorized after you have completed the program.
To apply for CPT, you must work with an International Student Advisor. At least two meetings will be needed:
- At the first meeting you will receive current application and eligibility information
- At the second meeting, you will turn in your documents and have any questions you may have answered. Your advisor will have to review your application with the other International Student Advisor. After a decision has been, your advisor will contact you.
CPT must be authorized before the first day of your training program. If you do not receive this authorization first, you will be engaging in unauthorized employment.
Optional Practical Training (F-1)
Optional Practical Training (OPT) is employment authorization for employment opportunities that are directly related to your field of study.
- You do not need to be receiving academic credit to be eligible.
- OPT is granted for a maximum of 12 months per degree level. (You can do OPT in your field of study for 12 months after you graduate from UND.)
- Students in certain STEM degrees may be eligible for one 17 month extension of post-completion OPT.
Types of OPT
You may be approved for Pre-Completion or Post-Completion OPT.
- On a part time basis while pursuing your program
- Full time during summer vacation
- Full time for students who have completed all requirements for their degrees except for the thesis or equivalent (may also qualify as post-completion)
- Full time for all students during the year immediately following completion of the program
- Applications for post-completion must be submitted no earlier than 90 days before the graduation date and no later than 60 days following graduation. We strongly recommend submitting earlier rather than later.
You must apply for OPT with your ISA about four months before graduation because applications take about three-four months to review.
OPT authorization is granted by U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (U.S.C.I.S.) and you will be required to play a filling fee to U.S.C.I.S.
To begin the application process you must work with an International Student Advisor
Academic Training (J-1)
J-1 Academic Training is authorized work, training or experience that is directly related to your J-1 program of study.
Eligibility and Hours
- Academic Training can be authorized during the program of study or immediately upon completion of the program of study.
- Academic Training for degree seeking students may not exceed 18 months or the total length of the program of study, if it is shorter.
- Academic Training for non-degree seeking students may not exceed the total length of the program of study (e.g. A student in a 4 month program may be authorized for a maximum of 4 months of academic training).
- Non-degree seeking J-1 students are limited to a maximum stay in the United States of 24 months including the program of study and any period of academic training.
- You must meet with an International Student Advisor to receive current eligibility and application requirements.
- All authorization must be completed prior to the first day of Academic Training.