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Ebola Outbreak Information
Travel health notices for the Ebola Virus outbreak.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and World Health Organization are investigating an outbreak of Ebola virus in West Africa. Ebola is a severe, often fatal disease, spread from person to person through direct contact with infected blood or secretions or exposure to contaminated objects, such as needles. Although the risk of Ebola at the university is very low, UND recommends that travelers from the university follow the CDC/WHO recommendations that pertain to travel to and from the involved areas: Liberia, Guinea, Nigeria and Sierra Leone. Other international travel is not affected by this outbreak.
The CDC issues travel notices, with "watch levels," to inform travelers about current health issues related to specific destinations. CDC has issued a "Level 1 Watch" for Sierra Leone, Liberia, and Guinea, with a recommendation to avoid all non-essential travel to these destinations. CDC has issued a "Level 2 Watch" for Nigeria, recommending that travelers protect themselves by avoiding contact with the blood and body fluids of people who are ill with Ebola.The World Health Organization has declared a Public Health Emergency of International Concern, which includes recommendations on airport screenings, travel recommendations and international support to limit the spread of the disease.
Persons returning from an affected area but have not had direct contact with the body fluids of symptomatic infected persons or animals, or objects that have been contaminated with body fluids, should monitor their health for 10 days. Those with a potential exposure should monitor their health for 21 days post exposure. Regardless, any traveler who becomes ill, even if only a fever, should consult a health-care provider immediately and tell him or her about recent travel and potential contacts.
In the rare likelihood that someone from a high-risk area or a person who has been in direct contact with a sick person from a high-risk area begins to show symptoms, they should report to UND Student Health Services.
Learn more about the Ebola outbreak at www.cdc.gov, or contact UND Student Health Services at 701.777.4500.
Ebola Frequently Asked Questions:
What You Need to Know about Ebola
The current Ebola outbreak is centered in four countries in West Africa: Liberia, Guinea, Sierra Leone and Nigeria.
What is Ebola?
Ebola is a virus. Symptoms include: fever, headache, joint and muscle aches, weakness, diarrhea, vomiting, rashes, and abnormal bleeding. Symptoms may appear anywhere from 2 to 21 days after exposure to Ebola though 8-10 days is most common.
How is Ebola transmitted?
Ebola is transmitted through direct contact with the blood or bodily fluids of an infected symptomatic person or through exposure to objects (such as needles) that have been contaminated with infected secretions.
Can Ebola be transmitted through the air?
No. Ebola is not a respiratory disease like the flu, so it is not transmitted through the air.
Can I get Ebola from contaminated food or water?
No. Ebola is not a food-borne or water-borne illness.
Can I get Ebola from a person who is infected but doesn't have any symptoms?
No. Individuals who do not have symptoms are not contagious. In order for the virus to be transmitted, an individual would have to have direct contact with an individual who is experiencing symptoms.
What can I do to prevent being infected with Ebola?
Practice careful hygiene. Avoid contact with blood and body fluids. Do not handle items that may have come in contact with an infected person's blood or body fluids.
What do I do if I think I have symptoms of Ebola?
If you may have had exposure to Ebola or traveled in one of the countries with an Ebola outbreak AND if you become ill with a fever - call the Student Health Services at 701-777-4500 for instructions. Tell them about your recent travel and current symptoms.