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- Virtual TrainerSteroid Use Awareness
What are Anabolic – Androgenic Steroids?
Anabolic – Androgenic Steroids (AAS) are synthetic compounds which are based on the structure of testosterone. Testosterone promotes the development and maintenance of secondary male sexual characteristics, which are known as androgenic effects and the promotion of muscular growth or anabolic effects. Synthetic compounds are created to delay the rapid degradation of the testosterone in blood levels and intensify the anabolic effects but limiting the androgenic effects. Because of the alterations in the testosterone structure – changes occur in the anabolic and androgenic ratios creating side effects of the drug. To date – no AAS exist which eliminate the androgenic effects while magnifying the anabolic effects (Haff).
Types of AAS
- Class I modifications: injectable
- Class II modifications: Oral, either by absorption through the cheek or swallowed. (Weaker than Class I, but more prone to causing liver complications.
- Class III modifications: Both Oral & Injectable
*AAS can be delivered to the body in several ways: 1) Oral Consumption, 2) Intramuscular Injections, 3) Transdermal (Patches, creams, gels) 4) Nasal Sprays, and 5) implantable pellets
*Regardless of Delivery method – AAS users use dosages larger than medical dosages, and most that use AAS, utilize an average of 5 different delivery methods (Haff).
Increases in fat-free mass, muscular size, and muscular strength, however there’s is little evidence to support a beneficial role of AAS in other types of exercise performance such as muscular endurance and aerobic performance (Friedl, 139).
Scalp Hair loss, liver toxicity, jaundice, liver tumors, male infertility, suppression of high density lipoproteins cholesterol (HDL – AKA Good Cholesterol), Gynecomastia (breast tissue development), Acne, Heart Disease, Hypertension, and myocardial damage (damage to heart muscle) (Friedl, 175).
Current Wellness Center Policies
The Wellness Center is a substance-free facility. Users must agree to take reasonable precautions to prevent the possession or use of alcoholic beverages, illegal drugs and tobacco products in the Wellness Center. See the University Of North Dakota Code Of Student Life: General University Policies, section 1-5 and 1-6 for complete policies regarding smoking, alcohol, and drug use (UND Wellness Center Participant Policy Manual, 2010, p 47).
UND Code of Student Life
Illegally using, possessing, and/or selling a drug or narcotic, manufacturing drugs or narcotics, possessing drug paraphernalia, setting up or possessing laboratory equipment for the purpose of making drugs or narcotics. Students are expected to abide by local ordinances and state and federal laws regarding the consumption or possession of drugs.
Violation of UND Code of Student Life may result in Written Reprimand, Warning Probation, conduct Probation, Suspension or Restriction from campus facilities, buildings, services or events; residence hall transfer, dining restrictions, removal or ban from residence halls, Suspension/restrictions for parking on campus and university streets, restitution to the university, Mental Health referrals, Community services, Participation in campus lectures or workshops for educational purposes, Suspension (time based & indefinite) (University of North Dakota Code of Student Life, 2011, pp. 13-16).
ND State Laws
The state of North Dakota has the Authority to Control (19-03.1-02) all controlled substances which includes Anabolic Steroids: Unless specifically excepted or unless listed in another schedule, any material, compound, mixture, or preparation that contains any of the following anabolic steroids:
d. 1-androstenediol (3beta,17beta-dihydroxy-5alpha-androst-1-ene);
e. 1-androstenediol (3alpha,17beta-dihydroxy-5alpha-androst-1-ene);
f. 4-androstenediol (3beta,17beta-dihydroxy-4-ene);
g. 5-androstenediol (3beta,17beta-dihydroxy-androst-5-ene);
h. 1-androstenedione ([5alpha]-androst-1-en-3,17-dione);
i. 4-androstenedione (androst-4-en-3,17-dione);
j. 5-androstenedione (androst-5-en-3,17-dione);
k. Bolasterone (7alpha,17alpha-dimethyl-17beta-hydroxyandrost-4-en-3-one);
l. Boldenone (17beta-hydroxyandrost-1,4,-diene-3-one);
m. Boldione (androsta-1,4-diene-3,17-dione);
n. Calusterone (7beta,17alpha-dimethyl-17beta-hydroxyandrost-4-en-3-one);
o. Clostebol (4-chloro-17beta-hydroxyandrost-4-en-3-one);
q. Delta-1-dihydrotestosterone (also known as '1-testosterone')
r. Desoxymethyltestosterone (17a-methyl-5a-androst-2-en-17ol) (also known as
t. Drostanolone (17beta-hydroxy-2alpha-methyl-5alpha-androstan-3-one);
u. Ethylestrenol (17alpha-ethyl-17beta-hydroxyestr-4-ene);
v. Fluoxymesterone (9-fluoro-17alpha-methyl-11beta,
w. Formebolone (2-formyl-17alpha-methyl-11alpha,
x. Furazabol (17alpha-methyl-17beta-hydroxyandrostano[2,3-c]-furazan);
z. 4-hydroxytestosterone (4,17beta-dihydroxy-androst-4-en-3-one);
aa. 4-hydroxy-19-nortestosterone (4,17beta-dihydroxy-estr-4-en-3-one);
bb. Mestanolone (17alpha-methyl-17beta-hydroxy-5-androstan-3-one);
cc. Mesterolone (1alpha-methyl-17beta-hydroxy-[5alpha]-androstan-3-one);
dd. Methandienone (17alpha-methyl-17beta-dihydroxyandrost-1,4-dien-3-one);
ee. Methandriol (17alpha-methyl-3beta,17beta-dihydroxyandrost-5-ene);
ff. Methenolone (1-methyl-17beta-hydroxy-5alpha-androst-1-en-3-one);
kk. Methyldienolone (17alpha-methyl-17beta-hydroxyestra-4,9(10)-dien-3-one);
ll. Methyltrienolone (17alpha-methyl-17beta-hydroxyestra-4,9(11)-trien-3-one);
mm. Methyltestosterone (17alpha-methyl-17beta-hydroxyandrost-4-en-3-one);
nn. Mibolerone (7alpha,17alpha-dimethyl-17beta-hydroxyestr-4-en-3-one);
(17bbeta-hydroxy-17alpha-methyl-5alpha-androst-1-en-3-one) (also known as
pp. Nandrolone (17beta-hydroxyestr-4-en-3-one);
qq. 19-nor-4-androstenediol (3beta,17beta-dihydroxyestr-4-ene);
rr. 19-nor-4-androstenediol (3alpha,17beta-dihydroxyestr-4-ene);
ss. 19-nor-5-androstenediol (3beta,17beta-dihydroxyestr-5-ene);
tt. 19-nor-5-androstenediol (3alpha,17-beta-dihydroxyester-5-ene);
uu. 19-nor-4-androstenedione (estr-4-en-3,17-dione);
vv. 19-nor-4,9(10)-androstadienedione (estra-4,9(10)-diene-3,17-dione);
ww. 19-nor-5-androstenedione (estr-5-en-3,17-dione);
xx. Norboletheone (13beta,17alpha-diethyl-17beta-hydroxygon-4-en-3-one);
yy. Norclostebol (4-chloro-17beta-hydroxyestr-4-en-3-one);
zz. Norethandrolone (17alpha-ethyl-17beta-hydroxyestr-4-en-3-one);
aaa. Normethandrolone (17alpha-methyl-17beta-hydroxyestr-4-en-3-one);
bbb. Oxandrolone (17alpha-methyl-17beta-hydroxy-2-oxa-[5alpha]-androstan-3-one);
ccc. Oxymesterone (17alpha-methyl-4-17beta-dihydroxyandrost-4-en-3-one);
ddd. Oxymetholone (17alpha-methyl-2-hydroxymethylene-17beta-hydroxy
fff. Stenbolone (17beta-hydroxy-2-methyl-[5alpha]-androst-1-en-3-one);
ggg. Testolactone (13-hydroxy-3-oxo-13,17-secoandrosta-1,4-dien-17-oic acid
hhh. Testosterone (17beta-hydroxyandrost-4-en-3-one);
jjj. Trenbolone (17beta-hydroxyestr-4,9,11-trien-3-one);
or any salt, ester, or isomer of a drug or substance described or listed in this
subsection, if that salt, ester, or isomer promotes muscle growth
The term does not include an anabolic steroid that is expressly intended for
administration through implants to cattle or other nonhuman species and which has
been approved by the secretary of health and human services for administration
unless any person prescribes, dispenses, possesses, delivers, or distributes for
human use. (North Dakota State Laws, pp. 13-14)
Where to get help?
Counseling Center http://und.edu/student-life/counseling-center
McCannel Hall, Room 200
How to report abuse of Steroids?
Dean of Students – 701-777-2664
University Police Department – 701-777-3491
Grand Forks Police Department – 701-787-8000
Friedl, Karl E. (2000) Effects of Anabolic Steroids on Physical Health. In Yesalis, Charles E. (Ed.) Anabolic Steroids in Sport and Exercise. (pp. 175-223). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.
Friedl, Karl E. (2000) Effects of Anabolic Steroid Use on Body Composition and Physical Performance. In Yesalis, Charles E. (Ed.) Anabolic Steroids in Sport and Exercise. (pp. 175-223). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.
Haff, G. Gregory. (n.d) Anabolic-Androgenic Steroids. Paper present as part of the NSCA Hot Topic Series. Paper retrieved September 19, 2011, from http://www.nsca-lift.org/HotTopic/download/Anabolic%20Steroids.pdf
North Dakota State Laws Chapter 19-03.1-09 Schedule III Uniform Controlled Substances Act (n.d.) Retrieved from http://www.legis.nd.gov/cencode/t19c03-1.pdf
University of North Dakota Code of Student Life (2011-2012). Retrieved from http://und.edu/student-affairs/code-of-student-life/_files/docs/code-of-student-life.pdf
UND Wellness Center Participant Policy Manual (July 9, 2010). Retrieved from http://und.edu/health-wellness/wellness/facility/participant-policy-manual.pdf