Portrait of Michael Dodge

Michael Dodge

  • Assistant Professor, Space Studies

Contact Info

Office Address

Clifford Hall Room 512
4149 University Ave Stop 9008
Grand Forks, ND 58202-9008


Michael S. Dodge currently serves as an Assistant Professor & Director of Graduate Studies in the Department of Space Studies at the University of North Dakota. Prior to joining the faculty at UND, Prof. Dodge was Research Counsel & Law Instructor at the University of Mississippi School of Law's program in Air & Space Law.  Before teaching at UoM Law, Prof. Dodge received his LL.M. degree in Aviation & Space Law from McGill University in the Fall of 2011 (thesis: “Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) and the GPS-Galileo Agreement”). Before attending McGill, he obtained his J.D. in 2008 from the University of Mississippi School of Law, where he was also the first recipient of the Certificate in Remote Sensing, Air, and Space Law. He obtained dual degrees in B.S. (in Biological Sciences) and B.A. (in Philosophy) in 2005, from the University of Southern Mississippi.

Prof. Dodge teaches several courses for Space Studies, including Space Politics and Policy (SpSt 560), Space Law (SpSt 565), Remote Sensing Law and Policy (SpSt 575), and Space & the Environment (SpSt 545). These courses include a multitude of historical, political, and legal facets to space activities, and cover subjects such as legal issues in space exploration; regulation, privacy law, and constitutional concerns surrounding the use of remote sensing technology; licensing and regulatory requirements for space activity; the historical and evolutionary nature of space policy (both nationally and internationally); public international law; and domestic United States legal governance of space activity.

Prof. Dodge’s research has included GNSS law, remote sensing law & regulation, environmental regulation of outer space, Space Traffic Management (STM), concepts of sovereignty and ownership rights in space, and the nexus of remote sensing technology with global humanitarian law and disaster relief law. Future studies include examination of future environmental regulatory structures for orbital space, as well as domestic United States legislation and its relationship with the precept of non-appropriation in outer space, including an analysis of the ownership of celestial resources from potential asteroid mining operations.

SpSt 501: Survey of Space Studies I

SpSt 270: History of the Space Age (undergraduate)

SpSt 300: Case for Space

SpSt 360: NASA

SpSt 480: Readings in Space Studies (undergraduate)

SpSt 545: Space & the Environment

SpSt 551: History of the Space Age

SpSt 552: History of Astronomy & Cosmology

SpSt 560: Space Politics & Policy

SpSt 565: Space Law

SpSt 575: Remote Sensing Law & Policy

  • International Law
  • Space Law
  • United States Space Law, Policy, & Regulation
  • Remote Sensing Law & Policy
  • Aviation Law
  • Space Policy
  • Space History

Selected Publications:

  • Dodge, Michael S. (2018)  CLE Publication: “A Return to the Moon—Law and Policy Shaping Future Lunar and Cis-Lunar Operations”, written for the American Bar Association Forum Event: 2018 Space Law Symposium.
  • Dodge, Michael S. (2018)  Panel Moderator: “Exploration and the Moon: Law and Policy Impacts on Future Activities”, for the American Bar Association Forum Event: 2018 Space Law Symposium, held June 7th, 2018.
  • Dodge, Michael S. (2017)  Presentation: “Assessing Refugee Crises through the Lens of the Outer Space Treaty and Space Technologies”, 60thColloquium on the Law of Outer Space, International Astronautical Congress, Adelaide, Australia, Sept. 28th, 2017.
  • Dodge, Michael S. (2017)  CLE Publication: “Human Spaceflight and the Pathway to Mars—How Law & Policy are Shaping the Future”, written for the American Bar Association Forum Event: State of Space 2017, held June 8th, 2017.
  • Dodge, Michael S. (2017)  Panel Moderator: “Mars, the Moon, and the Legal and Policy Implications of Human Space Exploration”, for the American Bar Association Forum Event: State of Space 2017, held June 8th, 2017.
  • Dodge, Michael S. (2016) Publication, “The Reporting Requirements of the U.S. Commercial Space Launch Competitiveness Act: Status, Analysis, and Legal Implications”, presented at the 3rdAnnual Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University Space Traffic Management Conference, held on Nov. 16th-18th, 2016, published in the ERAU Scholarly Commons.
  • Dodge, Michael S. (2016, November 17). The reporting requirements of the U .S. Commercial Space Launch Competitiveness Act: status, analysis, and legal implications. 3rd Annual Space Traffic Management Conference “Emerging Dynamics”. Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University, Daytona Beach, FL. November 16-18, 2016. Paper 16.
  • Dodge, Michael S. (2016, Spring/Summer). Space industrialisation needs a balanced legal and policy approach. ROOM, The Space Journal. 1(7), 30-33.
  • Dodge, Michael S. (2015, November 13). The divergent and evolving legal pathways of future space traffic management collaboration. 2nd Annual Space Traffic Management Conference “An Evolving Landscape”. November 12-13, 2015. Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University, Daytona Beach, FL.
  • Dodge, Michael S. (2014) Earth observation and the needs of the many: the future structure of international disaster relief law and management. Annals of Air and Space Law vol. 39. Montreal: McGill University Centre for Research on Air & Space Law.
  • Dodge, Michael S. (2012). The GPS-Galileo Agreement and treaty law. Journal of Space Law, 38(2), 227-246.
  • Dodge, Michael S. (2012). The environmental regulation of space activities: orbital debris mitigation guidelines—international treaty v. voluntarily adopted national guidelines. Asian Journal of Air and Space Law, 2(1).
  • Dodge, Michael S. (2010). El derecho del espacio exterior y el futuro de la humanidad. Themis-Revista de Derecho, 58, 227-246.
  • Dodge, Michael S. (2010). Review of the book Space law—a treatise by Francis Lyall & Paul B. Larsen. Annals of Air and Space Law. 35(2).
  • Dodge, Michael S. (Spring 2009). Sovereignty and the delimitation of airspace: a philosophical and historical survey supported by the resources of the Andrew G. Haley Archive. Journal of Space Law, 35(1)

American Bar Association

Mississippi Bar Association

International Institute of Space Law

LL.M. (2011), McGill University Institute for Air & Space Law

J.D. (2008), University of Mississippi School of Law

B.A., Philosophy (2005), University of Southern Mississippi

B.S., Biological Sciences (2005), University of Southern Mississippi